Jaseng Spine and Joint Research Institute

Influence of boiling duration of GCSB-5 on index compound content and antioxidative and anti-inflammatory activity

Background: GCSB-5, an herbal drug composition with anti-inflammatory effect, is prepared by boiling, which is the most common herbal extraction method in traditional Korean medicine. Several parameters are involved in the process, i.e., extractant type, herb-to-extractant ratio, extraction temperature and pressure, and total boiling time.
Objectives: The aim of this study was to examine the influence of boiling time on index compound amount and the antioxidative and anti-inflammatory activities of GCSB-5.
Materials and Methods: Different samples of GCSB-5 were obtained by decocting for 30, 60, 90, 120, 150, and 240 min. Each sample was tested for pH, total soluble solid content (TSSC), marker compound profiles, and antioxidative and anti-inflammatory activity.
Results: pH was found to decrease, while TSSC increased with extended decoction. Marker compound contents for GCSB-5 (Acanthoside D for Acanthopanax sessiliflorus Seem, 20-hydroxyecdysone for Achyranthes japonica Nakai, and pinoresinol diglucoside for Eucommia ulmoides Oliver) remained relatively constant regardless of length of boiling. Total D-glucose amount increased with longer boiling. The antioxidative and anti-inflammatory potentials of GCSB-5 were not substantially affected by decoction duration.
Conclusion: Biological characteristics and marker compound content of GCSB-5 were not altered significantly in prolonged boiling.